Cover Crops

// C.O.R.N. Newsletter // 2019:19 // 2019 Challenge: Forage Production Options for Ohio (Click here for the full article)

2019 Challenge: Forage Production

Options for Ohio


Teff is a warm-season grass that can be used for hay, silage, or pasture. The first crop should be ready in 40 to 50 days. It may produce up to 2 to 2.5 tons per acre of dry matter in multiple cuttings and can tolerate both drought-stressed and waterlogged soils.

Cornell research showed that when teff was harvested at the proper time and sufficient N was applied, crude protein was between 15 and 16% of dry matter and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) 48-hr digestibility averaged about 60%. It should be planted as soon as possible because it dies at the first frost.

Click Here for the Teff as Emergency Forage article.

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Topics: Forages; Prevented Planting

Author(s): Mark Sulc, Bill Weiss, Dianne Shoemaker, Sarah Noggle

About the C.O.R.N. Newsletter

C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.

Wayne County Extension Agricultural & Natural Resources Update

Click here for the ANR Update, posted June 21, 2019.

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United States Department of Agriculture News

Release RMA Announces Change to Haying and Grazing Date for Prevented Planting Acres Planted to a Cover Crop

WASHINGTON, June 20, 2019 – Farmers who planted cover crops on prevented plant acres will be permitted to hay, graze or chop those fields earlier than November this year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced today. USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) adjusted the 2019 final haying and grazing date from November 1 to September 1 to help farmers who were prevented from planting because of flooding and excess rainfall this spring.

“We recognize farmers were greatly impacted by some of the unprecedented flooding and excessive rain this spring, and we made this one-year adjustment to help farmers with the tough decisions they are facing this year,” said Under Secretary for Farm Production and Conservation Bill Northey. “This change will make good stewardship of the land easier to accomplish while also providing an opportunity to ensure quality forage is available for livestock this fall.”

RMA has also determined that silage, haylage and baleage should be treated in the same manner as haying and grazing for this year. Producers can hay, graze or cut cover crops for silage, haylage or baleage on prevented plant acres on or after September 1 and still maintain eligibility for their full 2019 prevented planting indemnity.

“These adjustments have been made for 2019 only,” said RMA Administrator Martin Barbre. “RMA will evaluate the prudence of a permanent adjustment moving forward.”

Other USDA Programs

Other USDA agencies are also assisting producers with delayed or prevented planting. USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA) is extending the deadline to report prevented plant acres in select counties, and USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is holding special sign-ups for the Environmental Quality Incentives Program in certain states to help with planting cover crops on impacted lands. Contact your local FSA and NRCS offices to learn more.

More Information

Read our frequently asked questions to learn more about prevented plant.

Crop insurance is sold and delivered solely through private crop insurance agents. A list of crop insurance agents is available at all USDA Service Centers and online at the RMA Agent Locator.

Learn more about crop insurance and the modern farm safety net at rma.usda.gov.

# USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer and lender

Prevented Planting 2019 National.pdf

To download the fact sheet above ^^ , click HERE

For more information on Prevented or Delayed Planting click here.

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The Wayne Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) offers a Cover Crop Program that is funded through the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District (MWCD). Through this program, MWCD offers reimbursement for approved fields you apply for with a cap of 200 acres per applicant across eligible counties in the jurisdictional boundary of the MWCD District, unless fields are located within one of the specified MWCD Lake watersheds.

Click the links below to see details from the Cover Crop Program funded through the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District

Check out the latest video below of aerial seeding of cover crops by the Holmes SWCD at the Holmes County Airport filmed by the Wayne SWCD.

More videos are in the works!

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Browse Through Pictures of a Cover Crop Field Day Ashland SWCD arranged at the Ayers Farm in Loudonville on April 16th, 2019.

More field days are being planned!

Ayers Farm Cover Crop Field Day

MWCD Maintenance Assessment

In 2009, the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District (MWCD) began work under its Amendment to the Official Plan of the MWCD, which was adopted in 2005. The Amendment to the Official Plan is funded through an assessment of property owners in the Muskingum River Watershed according to Ohio law.

Collection of the assessment began in 2009, with the MWCD estimating that it will generate between $9 million and $10 million annually through the assessment. Nearly 500,000 parcels of property are subject to payment of the assessment, with nearly 96 percent of those properties assessed a total of $12 per year. In 2015, the MWCD Board of Directors reduced the assessment by 50%, lowering the amount to a total of $6 per year for most properties.

Assessment funds can be used solely for maintenance and rehabilitation projects and are audited by the State of Ohio to ensure compliance.

The MWCD is committed to a fair and equitable system of assessment. Staff members at the MWCD are available to assist property owners who have questions.


The Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District is absolutely committed to safeguarding our area by maintaining our dams and reservoirs for future generations.


Most questions regarding the MWCD Maintenance Assessment are answered in this section. If you have a question that is not answered here or you require further clarification, please contact an Assessment Specialist by calling toll free 866.755.6923.


Staff from the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District are available to conduct an administrative review of the assessment assigned to your property or properties.


In an effort to recognize the efforts of individuals in conservation, watershed stewardship, education and implementation of best management practices, an assessment credits program was developed, giving landowners the opportunity to reduce their annual assessment.


Clicking on "Check your Assessment" will redirect you to the Maintenance Assessment Web Portal. On the first page, you will choose to make either an Assessment Record search or a Subsequent Appraisal Record search. You will then see a map of the Counties that comprise the Muskingum Watershed. To begin a parcel search, please click on the County of interest, accept the terms of use, and search using the criterion listed on the tab at the top of the page.

Figure 1.

Seeding Rates and Dates that meet NRCS Standards

To download the full table please click the link below:

Appendix – A (Cover Crop)

Why use cover crops?

Cover crops “reduce soil erosion, reduce nutrient leaching, store carbon, improve soil structure, increase water infiltration, reduce compaction, suppress weeds, enhance wildlife, fix nitrogen and serve as a forage product.”

(Rafiq Islam, Ohio State University Extension soil scientist)